The active component in every associated with the over-the-counter (OTC) genital contraceptive medication items (spermicides) obtainable in the U.S. is nonoxynol 9 (N-9). N-9 genital drug that is contraceptive are utilized alone to avoid maternity, or with barrier practices such as for instance diaphragms or cervical caps. A spermicidal is included by some condoms lubricant containing N-9.
Clinical research indicates that N-9 spermicides try not to avoid or decrease the chance of getting HIV, the herpes virus that triggers AIDS, from a infected partner, or against getting other STDs. Hence, N-9 spermicides should perhaps maybe not be utilized for HIV/STD protection or prevention. Clinical studies show that usage of N-9 spermicides could cause genital and rectal discomfort that could raise the chance of getting HIV/AIDS from a partner that is infected.
Food And Drug Administration still considers N-9 safe as a contraceptive for females at low danger for HIV along with other STDs. But, Food And Drug Administration now calls for warning statements as well as other labeling information for many throughout the counter (OTC) genital contraceptive medication item (also referred to as spermicides) containing nonoxynol 9 (N9). These warning statements advise people that genital contraceptives/spermicides containing N9 usually do not force away illness through the immunodeficiency that is human (HIV), the herpes virus that triggers obtained immunodeficiency problem (AIDS), or against getting other sexually transmitted conditions (STDs).